Education in the Republic of Belarus

At the beginning of school year 2016/2017,  3,879 institutions of preschool education were functioning in Belarus, with 418.1 thousand children enrolled. In the current school year 75% of children of preschool age attend institutions of preschool education; all 5-year-olds in the country are covered with preparation for school. 

The number of places in institutions of preschool education per 1,000 children aged 2-5 amounted to 834 in 2016.

At the beginning of school year 2016/2017, there were 3,155 institutions of general secondary education with the enrolment over 982 thousand pupils, which is 13 thousand (1.4%) more than at the beginning of the previous school year.

In the current school year the number of teachers in day-time institutions of general secondary education was 116.1 thousand. On average, there were 8 schoolchildren per teacher (including multiple job holders), these figures varying from 10 schoolchildren in urban schools to 5 in rural schools. 

In 2016, nearly 58 thousand school graduates received general secondary education certificates; 76% of them continued education in secondary specialized and higher education programmes.

About 91 thousand 9-graders acquired basic education this year; 34% of them continued education in secondary specialized and vocational-technical education programmes.

At the beginning of academic year 2016/2017, in Belarus there were 196 institutions of vocational-technical education with 70.3 thousand students enrolled.

In 2016, the intake in vocational-technical education programmes was 32 thousand; 96% of students in full-time programmes were enrolled under contracts or requests of sponsoring organisations.    

In 2016, there were 31.2 thousand new graduates from vocational-technical programmes. As many as 78% of graduates from full-time programmes acquired two or more qualifications; 51% of graduates had advanced qualification. 

At the beginning of academic year 2016/2017, 230 educational institutions implemented secondary specialized education programmes, their total enrollment was 117.8 thousand students. There are 124 secondary specialized education students per 10,000 population. 

In total, 62% of all secondary specialized education students, and 76% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions, are funded from the budget.

In 2016, 38.9 thousand new students were admitted in secondary specialized education programmes; 24.4% of them are residing in rural settlements.

In 2016, 36.3 thousand graduates received secondary specialized education diplomas; 18.7 thousand graduates from full-time programmes were funded from the budget.

At the beginning of academic year 2016/2017, 313.2 thousand students were enrolled in 51 higher education establishments in Belarus, 15.1 thousand of them are foreign citizens (4.8% of the total number of students). There are 330 students per 10,000 population. This figure was the highest among CIS countries in the previous academic year. 

42% of all students and 61% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions are funded from the budget. 

In 2016, 62.7 thousand people became students, 44% of them are funded from the budget. 14.3% of total number of enrolled students resides in rural settlements.

Overall, 34% of first-year students chose specialties in economics and law; 24% in engineering and construction; 10% in teacher education; 9% in agriculture; 6% in social sciences; and 7% in humanities.

In 2016, there were 75 thousand new higher education graduates. There were 166 graduates from higher education per 10,000 employed population.

31.4 thousand or 42% of total number of graduates are the graduates with the degree in economics. 

Graduates from higher education by field of education in 2016 

(as % of total)


04.01.2017 00:00

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