Education in the Republic of Belarus

At the beginning of school year 2018/2019, 3 803 institutions of preschool education were functioning in Belarus, with 435 thousand children enrolled. In the current school year 79.5% of children of preschool age attend institutions of preschool education; all 5-year-olds in the country are covered with preparation for school.

The number of places in institutions of preschool education per 1000 children aged 2-5 amounted to 818 in 2018.

The number of teachers in institutions of preschool education was 57 thousand.

At the beginning of school year 2018/2019, there were 3 035 institutions of general secondary education, the number of pupils in which reached 1 million, which is 16 thousand (1.6%) more than at the beginning of the previous school year. At the same time, the number of first-grade pupils amounted to 111 thousand and increased by 5 thousand pupils (by 4.7%).

In the current school year the number of teachers in day-time institutions of general secondary education was 112 thousand. On average, there were 9 schoolchildren per teacher (including multiple job holders), these figures varying from 11 schoolchildren in urban schools to 5 in rural schools.

About 85 thousand 9-graders acquired basic education this year; 36% of them continued education in secondary specialized and vocational-technical education programmes.

In 2018, 59 thousand school graduates received general secondary education certificates; 74% of them continued education in secondary specialized and higher education programmes.

At the beginning of academic year 2018/2019, in Belarus there were 180 institutions of vocational-technical education with 66 thousand students enrolled.

In 2018, the intake in vocational-technical education programmes was 30 thousand; 98% of students in full-time programmes were enrolled under contracts or requests of sponsoring organisations.

In 2018, there were 29 thousand new graduates from vocational-technical programmes. As many as 79% of graduates from full-time programmes acquired two or more qualifications; 60% of graduates had advanced qualification.

At the beginning of academic year 2018/2019, 226 educational institutions implemented secondary specialized education programmes, their total enrollment was 113 thousand students. There are 119 secondary specialized education students per 10 000 population.

In total, 64% of all secondary specialized education students, and 77% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions, are funded from the budget.

In 2018, 38 thousand new students were admitted in secondary specialized education programmes; 25% of them are residing in rural settlements.

In 2018, 34 thousand graduates received secondary specialized education diplomas; of which more than half (55%) were funded from the budget in full-time programmes.

At the beginning of academic year 2018/2019, 268 thousand students were enrolled at the first stage of the higher education system in 51 higher education establishments in Belarus, 15.5 thousand of them are foreign citizens (5.8% of the total number of students).

Number of students – foreign citizens
in higher education institutions

(at the beginning of academic year)


44% of all students and 62% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions are funded from the budget.

In 2018, 59 thousand people became students, 13% of total number of enrolled students resides in rural settlements.

Overall, 31% of first-year students chose specialties in economics and law; 25% in engineering and construction; 11% in humanities; 10% in teacher education; 9% in agriculture; 7% in social sciences.

In 2018, there were 65 thousand new higher education graduates. 24 thousand or 36% of total number of graduates are the graduates with the degree in economics.

At the beginning of 2018/2019 academic year 14.7 thousand master's students were studying at the second stage of the higher education system of the country. In 2018, 8 thousand people were admitted to the magistracy, 7 thousand people received a master's degree.

298 students and master's students of higher education institutions accounts for 10 thousand people of the population of the coutry.



29.12.2018 15:56

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