Education in the Republic of Belarus

At the beginning of school year 2017/2018 3,812 institutions of preschool education were functioning in Belarus, with 426 thousand children enrolled. In the current school year 75.9% of children of preschool age attend institutions of preschool education; all 5-year-olds in the country are covered with preparation for school.

The number of places in institutions of preschool education per 1,000 children aged 2-5 amounted to 830 in 2017.

The number of teachers in institutions of preschool education was 57 thousand, which is 0.7% more than at the beginning of the previous school year.

At the beginning of school year 2017/2018, there were 3,067 institutions of general secondary education with the enrolment 995 thousand pupils, which is 12 thousand (1.2%) more than at the beginning of the previous school year.

In the current school year the number of teachers in day-time institutions of general secondary education was 115 thousand. On average, there were 9 schoolchildren per teacher (including multiple job holders), these figures varying from 10 schoolchildren in urban schools to 5 in rural schools.

About 87 thousand 9-graders acquired basic education this year; 34% of them continued education in secondary specialized and vocational-technical education programmes.

In 2017, 59 thousand school graduates received general secondary education certificates; 78% of them continued education in secondary specialized and higher education programmes.

At the beginning of academic year 2017/2018, in Belarus there were 182 institutions of vocational-technical education with 67 thousand students enrolled.

In 2017, the intake in vocational-technical education programmes was 30 thousand; 96% of students in full-time programmes were enrolled under contracts or requests of sponsoring organisations.

In 2017, there were 31 thousand new graduates from vocational-technical programmes. As many as 80% of graduates from full-time programmes acquired two or more qualifications; 57% of graduates had advanced qualification.

At the beginning of academic year 2017/2018, 226 educational institutions implemented secondary specialized education programmes, their total enrollment was 114 thousand students. There are 120 secondary specialized education students per 10,000 population.

In total, 63% of all secondary specialized education students, and 76% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions, are funded from the budget.

In 2017 38 thousand new students were admitted in secondary specialized education programmes; 25% of them are residing in rural settlements.

In 2017, 36 thousand graduates received secondary specialized education diplomas; of which more than half (54%) were funded from the budget in full-time programmes.

At the beginning of academic year 2017/2018, 284 thousand students were enrolled in 51 higher education establishments in Belarus, 15 thousand of them are foreign citizens (5% of the total number of students). There are 299 students per 10,000 population. This figure was the highest among CIS countries in the previous academic year.

43% of all students and 62% of students enrolled in full-time programmes in public institutions are funded from the budget.

In 2017, 62 thousand people became students, 13% of total number of enrolled students resides in rural settlements.

Overall, 33% of first-year students chose specialties in economics and law; 25% in engineering and construction; 11% in humanities; 10% in teacher education; 9% in agriculture; 6% in social sciences.

In 2017, there were 81 thousand new higher education graduates. There were 186 graduates from higher education per 10,000 employed population.

31 thousand or 38% of total number of graduates are the graduates with the degree in economics.


Graduates from higher education by field of education in 2017 

(as % of total)



04.01.2018 10:03

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