Selected indicators for the Republic of Belarus calculated according to the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS 2016) methodlogy

Main type / innovation dimension / indicator

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Enablers

 

 

 

 

 

Human resources

 

 

 

 

 

1.1.1. New doctorate graduates (ISCED 6) per 1000 population aged 25-34

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.7

0.6

1.1.2. Percentage population aged 30-34 having completed tertiary education1)

28.4

28.4

28.4

28.4

28.4

1.1.3 Percentage youth aged 20-24 having attained at least upper secondary level education1)

92.6

92.6

92.6

92.6

92.6

1.2.3. Non-EU doctorate students as % of all doctorate students2)

4.62

5.03

4.98

5.39

6.10

Finance and public support

 

 

 

 

 

1.3.1. R&D expenditure in the public sector as % of GDP2)

0.20

0.23

0.19

0.17

0.17

1.3.2. Venture capital 4) (early stage, expansion and replacement) as % of GDP 

Firm activities

 

 

 

 

 

Firm investments

 

 

 

 

 

2.1.1. R&D expenditure in the business sector as % of GDP3)

0.45

0.43

0.31

0.33

0.34

2.1.2. Non-R&D innovation expenditures as % of products (works, services) shipped

1.55

1.95

1.90

1.73

1.09

Linkages and entrepreneurship

 

 

 

 

 

2.2.1. SMEs innovating in-house as % of SMEs5)

4.70

3.99

3.77

4.41

3.41

2.2.2. Innovative SMEs collaborating with others as % of total organisations surveyed

0.69

0.52

0.41

0.48

0.43

Outputs

 

 

 

 

 

Innovators

 

 

 

 

 

3.1.1. SMEs introducing product or process innovations as % of SMEs

4.21

3.47

3.07

3.49

2.97

3.1.2. SMEs introducing marketing or organisational innovations as % of SMEs

0.99

1.19

1.08

1.54

0.60

Economic effects

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1. Employment in knowledge-intensive activities (manufacturing and services) as % of total employment

27.36

27.36

28.49

28.49

32.26

3.2.2. Medium & high-tech product exports as % of total service exports

34.6

28.5

27.3

30.3

32.7

3.2.3. Knowledge-intensive services exports as % of total service exports

27.8

26.8

29.6

33.3

34.9

3.2.4. Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations as % of turnover6)

17.45

17.28

13.33

12.34

15.27


1) Data of the 2009 population census.
2) Percentage share of foreign nationals in total enrollment in postgraduate education programmes.
3) Based on GDP calculated taking into account the main provisions of SNA 2008.
4) Capital invested in novel and high risk projects that could not be financed from traditional external sources; mainly provided to startup or reorganised companies including high-potential small enterprises, or invested into high risk stocks.
5) SMEs – small and medium-sized enterprises.
6) New to market and new to firm innovations shipped as a percentage of total volume of products shipped.

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