G.4. Renewable energy consumption

Indicator:

G4 – Renewable energy supply

download the file in Excel format for 1990–2017

Brief description:

Renewable energy supply in total, by sources of energy;

percentage of renewable energy sources in total primary energy supply.



Renewable energy sources in total primary energy supply
(percent)




Methodology:

Renewable energy supply is formed in the result of construction of energy balance in format and using methodology of International Energy Agency (IEA) in accordance with Energy Statistics Manual (OECD/IEA/Eurostat, 2007);

Energy Statistics Manual (OECD/IEA/Eurostat, 2007);

Database documentation provides support information for the IEA World Energy Balances database;

Database documentation provides support information for the IEA Renewables Information database.

Renewable energy is energy that is derived from natural processes that are replenished constantly (energy generated from solar, wind, natural movement of water flows (hydropower), fuelwood, other types of biomass, biogas, earth heat).

The production of hydro-, wind- and solar energy is reflected by the electricity generated.

Biofuels is a fuel that is produced from biomass and is defined as any plant or animal matter that is provided by agriculture, forestry and related industries as well as products of activities of living organisms or the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste and residues.

Solid biofuels (solid biomass) covers organic, non-fossil material of biological origin which may be used as fuel for heat production or electricity generation. It comprises: charcoal, fuelwood, wood residues and by-products (firewood in the form of logs, brushwood, chips or wood chips ), animal materials/wastes, plant materials and residues (straw, husks, other waste arising from the care of plants, their harvesting and processing).

Liquid biofuels are mainly biodiesel and bioethanol used as transport fuels. They can be made from new or used vegetable oils and may be blended with or replace petroleum-based fuels.

Biogases composed principally of methane and carbon dioxide produced by anaerobic fermentation of biomass or by thermal processes (landfill gas, sewage sludge gas and other biogas).

Data source:

IEA Database (Renewables of Belarus).

Relevance of the indicator:

Renewable energy sources can be considered as the best option for reducing the negative environmental impacts of energy production and consumption.



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